Gum disease or periodontitis consult with pair of inflammatory disorder affecting the gum i.e. tissues that support and surround the teeth. This involves continuous the loss of fat from the body further bone across the teeth called alveolar, in case left unattended, it might induce loosening and at last cracked teeth. Gum disease is just as a result of microorganism that grows on and holds fast to the tooth surface.
Classification of gum disease
There exists seven major sets of gum disease dictated by severity, however, the past six groups are believed destructive simply because they are pretty much irreversible. Some of the most common are: gingivitis, chronic periodontitis, aggressive periodontitis, and periodontitis for an infection of systematic disease, necrotizing ulcerative periodontitis/gingivitis, periodontium abscesses and lastly combined periodontic-endodontic lesions.
Symptoms of gum disease
This medical condition is characterized by bleeding or redness of the gum especially when biting into hard diet e.g. apples, using dental floss or when brushing teeth; recurrence of gum swelling, spitting out blood especially after brushing teeth; bad breath, persistent metallic taste and halitosis in the mouth; unlimited financial abilities in between the gums and teeth and lastly loosening of the teeth especially during the later stages.
Triggers of gum disease
The main reason behind gum disease is poor oral hygiene since it contributes to accumulation of bacteria matrix and mycotic along at the gum line known as dental plaque. Other causes include; underlying medical disorders e.g. diabetes and poor nutrition.
Protection against gum disease
Daily oral hygiene practices to minimize the occurrence of gum disease include: proper brushing of the teeth regularly, use of antiseptic mouthwash, use of soft tooth brushes to minimize causing any damage towards the sensitive gums and enamel, professional teeth cleaning and regular dental check-ups.
One gum disease continues to be diagnosed; the initial step is non-surgical cleaning of the area below the gum line with a procedure known as scaling and debridement. This process involves mechanical removal of calculus and plaque using specialized curettes. Moreover, necessary adjustments of the occlusion may be adopted to minimize use of excessive pressure on the teeth.
This medical is carried out to work out whether there’s any type of improvement on the patient`s oral hygiene or otherwise any regression of the inflammation. This procedure should be performed four-six weeks following the initial planning and root scaling for consecutive three months period.
In situations when non-surgical treatment methods proves un effective, then periodontal surgery will be the next treatment option to end progressive loss of bone thickness in addition to regeneration of lost bone if at all possible. There are quite a few surgical options that can be used i.e. osseous surgery, bone grafting, guided tissue regeneration, in addition to open flap debridement. The intention with this surgical procedure would be to provide access for defined removal of calculus and managing surgical of bony irregularities resulting from gum disease process with an aim of reducing pockets towards the minimal level as they possibly can.
When the gum disease treatment continues to be successfully completed, a continuing phase of periodontal maintenance is necessary. Maintenance basically involves selecting regular checkups and thorough cleanings especially after every three months period to get rid of increase of microorganisms causing gum disease in addition to closely monitoring the progress of the infected gum.Get the very best Utah dental implants from Utah periodontal specialists by Peter Smith DMD MSD
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Filed under: Diseases and Conditions
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